Hi, readers welcome to the new post. in this post, we will have a detailed look at the Difference between PCB and Breadboard. Now a day there is electronic and electrical engineering there are many types of circuits and projects constructed for common use. To design these components different types of boards are used over which the elements of these circuits are assembled. To make connections among these components wires and different elements are used.
Currently, the most commonly used types of boards over which projects and circuits are assembled are breadboard and PCB or printed circuit board. In breadboard, the circuit is designed with the use of wire to make connections among the components while in PCB components are linked or assembled at the copper wire tracings that are designed over the board or substrate, and symbols of different components are designed at the board over which components are placed to make circuits. In this post, we will cover a detailed comparison between PCB and Bread. So let’s get started with Difference between PCB and Breadboard.
What is Breadboard
- Breadboard sometimes named as protoboard is a combination of bread and butter of DIY electronics. This board helps us to make circuits without the use of soldering.
- Its structure is rectangular in shape and constructed with plastic over which numerous small size holes are created that are used to make connections among the components of circuits.
- The components of the circuit are battery, resistance, LED etc.
- The benefit of this board over the PCB is that the components connected to this board can be easily removed or connected again when required.
- This board helps us to do complete testing of our projects before making them to permanent for practical use.
- The breadboard is getting from the devices used in earlier years in the electronics industry then technicians used screws and nails at the boards created with the wood to make different circuits.
- Now, these wooden boxes have been replaced with plastic breadboards over which different components are assembled to make circuits.
What is Advanced PCB
- There are numerous categories of PCB boards that are used in different projects according to their useful features and structures.
- Similarly, there is such PCB board that is commonly used in such electronic devices that need highly precise structures is called advanced PCB
- With the advancement in technology in electronic industries, there is the usage and the demand for this board is getting increasing day by day.
- There is numerous suppliers of this board exist in the market but PCBWAY is offering high quality to meet the demands of users.
- they commonly provide this board with high-quality features at a reasonable price and the required time for use.
- You can consider them to fulfill your basic requirements, from the basic circuit boards to complicated structures for small-quantity and large-scale production.
- The common features offered by the PCBWAY related to advanced PCB are shown here.
Comparison between standard and Advanced PCB
- The practical usage of advanced PCB is in different types of industrial instruments while standard PCB is used in small-size appliances.
- To create an advanced PCB there is a team of senior senior engineers who works and create one file in six hours but for the creation of standard PCB mid-level engineers work.
- The orders for standard PCB can be given a minimum of one PCS while for standard PCB 5,10,15,20,25 pieces can be ordered.
- Advanced PCB is available in Humidity indicator card packaging.
- Standard PCB is certified with UL, ISO9001:2008, ISO14001:2004, and standard PCB is certified with UL, ISO9001.
- The glass transition temperature for advanced PCB is one forty centigrade and for standard PCB is one thirty centigrade.
Application of Standard PCB
- The common applications of advanced PCB are different types of control circuits used in industries. medical devices and devices used in networking comprise of this board.
Working of Breadboard
- Above we learned that breadboard can be used to make circuits according to our requirements many times. And before making permanent circuits we use it.
- At the surface of the breadboard, there are 2 types of structures in which holes are designed in the first structure 2 central layers of holes are designed which have 5 holes in the column.
- A breadboard is commonly used for designing of such circuit that uses ICs since these integrated circuits comprise if numerous pinouts that are used to make circuits.
What is PCB Board
- Nowadays PCB or printed circuit board has become very common to use for us almost every electronic project from small-size calculators to large-size LCD tv all are using printed circuit boards for the creation of their circuits.
- The common types of PCB are rigid PCB, Single-layer PCB, Double-layer PCB, Rigid-flex PCB, and multilayer PCB. All these boards are used according to their features and specifications.
- This device is created through the usage of fiberglass and comprises of base layer over which layers of coppers are assembled to make different circuits.
- This board has common applications in medical devices such as X-ray machines, CTR, etc.
- The main advantages of the breadboard are discussed here.
- through the use of this board, we can vary the linking connections of devices used in circuits according to our requirements.
- This board helps us to do the replacement of companies used in the circuit when we needed it.
- Construction of the circuit on this board is a very speedy and easy process due to the absence of soldering.
- Here its chief benefit over PCB board is that we can link an ammeter to this board at any point where current have to measure but these features do not exist for PCB abord,
Advantages of PCB:
- On this board circuits created have a permanent assembly.
- The current-carrying capability of this board is larger than the breadboard to draw more current we can create different paths that do not exist in the breadboard.
- To make exterior linking there is an addition of different components is used in this board.
- this board is mounted with a heat sink that makes it rigid.
- The circuit created on this board has a clean look while the breadboard circuit shows complicated circuit assembly.
- In almost every type of electronic module, this board is used.
- The circuit understanding on the PCB board is very easy due to simple assembly.
Different Types of PCB
|Single-sided PCB||it comes with a single conductive layer on one side of the board.|
|Double-sided PCB||it comes with conductive layers on opposite sides of the board.|
|Multilayer PCB||It has 3 or more conductive layers.|
|Rigid PCB||It is created with rigid substrate material, like FR4.|
|Flex PCB||It is created with flexible substrate material, like polyimide.|
|Rigid-flex PCB||Is a mixture of rigid PCB and a flex PCB.|
Breadboard vs. PCB
|Feature||Breadboard||PCB (Printed Circuit Board)|
|Usage||Prototyping and testing electronic circuits||Permanent production-ready circuits|
|Assembly||No soldering need||Soldering components exist on the board|
|Reusability||Components can be easily reused||Components are normally fixed|
|Complexity||Best for simple to moderately complicated circuits||Good for complicated and intricate designs|
|Durability||Less durable, components may disconnect||More durable and reliable|
|Size||Limited space, suitable for small projects||Can be designed for different sizes|
|Cost||Inexpensive||Costlier due to the manufacturing process|
|Customization||Flexible, easy-to-make changes||Difficult to require design modifications|
|Production||Not good for mass production||Made for mass production|
|Testing||Rapid prototyping, easy to modify||Rigorous testing for reliability|
|Time to Market||Fast setup, shorter development time||Longer setup, extended development time|
|Noise & EMI||More susceptibility due to loose connections||Better noise and EMI control|
|Professional Use||Limited to prototyping and education||Common for commercial electronic devices|
|Aesthetics||Messy appearance due to loose wires||Neat and organized appearance|
|Soldering Skills||Not needed||Soldering skills required|
|Examples||Learning circuits, hobby projects||Smartphones, computers, industrial gear|
|Eco-Friendly||Reusable components, less waste||Generates electronic waste|
Breadboard vs. PCB: When to Use Each
Breadboards and PCBs are good tools for electronics prototyping. Though they have different strengths and weaknesses, it’s good to select the right one for the job.
Breadboards are good for quickly prototyping circuits. They can be easily used and do not need any soldering process. This makes them good for experimenting with different circuit designs or for engineers learning about electronics. Though, breadboards are not as durable as boards and they can be difficult to use for complicated circuits.
PCBs are more durable than breadboards and they can handle high current. This makes them good for finished products or for circuits that will be facing a lot of wear and tear. Though, PCB boards need soldering and they can be more difficult to prototype with.
Here’s a table summarizing the pros and cons of breadboards and PCBs:
|Easy to use||Yes||No|
|Ideal for||Prototyping||Finished products|
When to use a breadboard:
- first, start out with electronics and you want to experiment with different circuit designs.
- if you are teaching electronics to students.
- if you needed quickly prototype a circuit.
When to use a PCB:
- When finished with the circuit design you need to make it permanent.
- When you required a circuit that can carry a lot of current.
- If need a circuit that is long working and will withstand wear and tear.
- What is a PCB?
A PCB, or printed circuit board, is a rigid board with conductive paths etched onto it. These paths allow electronic components to be soldered together in a certain configuration, making the circuit. PCB boards are employed in different types of electronic devices, from simple calculators to complicated computers.
- What is a breadboard?
A breadboard is a prototyping tool that helps electronic components to be configured together without soldering. It comes with a grid of spring-loaded contacts that can be used to attach components together. Breadboards are best to experiment with different circuit configurations without having to commit to a permanent design.
- What are the advantages of using a PCB?
PCBs have many advantages:
- Durability: PCBs are more durable than breadboards and can handle repeated use and exposure to harsh conditions.
- Current carrying capacity: PCB boards can handle more current than breadboards, making them good for high-power applications.
- Reliability: Boards are more reliable than breadboards and are less likely to fail due to loose connections or component movement.
- Cost: They are typically less expensive than breadboards in the long run, especially for high-volume production.
- What are the disadvantages of using a PCB?
PCBs also provide some disadvantages which are
- Complexity: PCB design and manufacturing can be complicated and time-consuming.
- Cost: The upfront charges of PCBs can be high, especially for small quantities.
- Lead time: The lead time for PCB manufacturing can be long, especially for high-volume orders.
- What are the advantages of using a breadboard?
Breadboards provide a number of advantages over PCBs, like
- Ease of use: They are very easy to use and can be set up fastly
- Versatility: it can be used to prototype different circuits.
- Low cost: Breadboards are costly, making them good for prototyping.
- What are the disadvantages of using a breadboard?
Breadboards also have some disadvantages, which are
- Inflexibility: When a circuit is built on a breadboard, it is difficult to change or modify.
- Unreliability: Breadboards are not as good as PCB boards and are more prone to loose connections and component motions.
- Current carrying capacity: Breadboards can only handle a limited amount of current, making them not good for high-power applications.
- What is the difference between a universal PCB and a breadboard?
A universal PCB board is a type of PCB that is made to be used with different components. It has a grid of holes that can be used to mount components, also a set of pre-routed traces that can be employed to connect the components together. A breadboard, while, is a certain type of PCB that is made to be used with jumper wires. It has a grid of spring-loaded contacts that can be employed to connect components together, but it does not have any pre-routed traces.
- Which is better for beginners, a PCB or a breadboard?
For beginners, a breadboard is a good option for prototyping circuits. It is easy to use and can be set up properly. When you have a working circuit on a breadboard, we can then transfer it to a board for production.
- When should you use a PCB instead of a breadboard?
We must use a PCB in place of a breadboard when you need a more reliable durable, or high-current circuit. PCB boards are also good if you needed to mass-produce a circuit.
- What are some common mistakes to avoid when using a breadboard?
Some common mistakes to avoid when using a breadboard include:
- Not making sure that the components are properly inserted into the breadboard. This can cause loose connections and intermittent issues
- Using too much current. Breadboards can only carry a limited amount of current, so it is good to ensure that your circuit does not exceed the breadboard’s rating.
- Not using jumper wires to connect components. it causes poor connections and signal loss.
- Not labeling your circuit. it can make it difficult to troubleshoot issues later on.
So friends that is a detailed post about the difference between PCB and Breadboard. I tried my level best to make this post simple for you if you have any further queries ask in the comments. thanks for reading. Have a nice day.