Hello, friends, I hope you all are doing great. In today’s tutorial, we will discuss the Difference Between Short Circuit & Overload. The basic difference between the short circuit and overload occurs due to existence of fault between lines or line to earth fault while overload occurs when a large amount of current is used by any device from the power supply. The overloaded condition is related to the circuitry or instrument. Any circuitry is overloaded when it uses more current than the rated value. The overloading occurs due to the damaging of instruments or fault occurs in the circuits.
While short circuit occurs when metallic wires touched with each other due to damaging insulation. When a short circuit occurs resistance of the instrument decreases or becomes zero due to that large current is flowing in the circuitry. In today’s post, we will have a detailed look at both the short circuit and overload and compare them to find their difference. So let’s get started with Difference Between Short Circuit & Overload.
Difference Between Short Circuit & Overload
- It is a type of circuit through which the current passes with less or zero value of resistance.
- it damages the circuitry when a current of high value passes.
- The inverse circuitry of short circuit called open circuit has infinity resistance
- the practical example of short circuit is linking between the positive and negative points of the battery have less resistance
- If a short circuit occurs for points having less resistance high current will passes
- If it is battery terminal high current from the battery a damage internal structure and battery become dead.
- In the case of a motor high current can damage the windings of the motor
- unlike normal circuitry short circuit can cause a very high-value current in some seconds.
- To avoid a short circuit there must be a use of fuse and breaker in the circuitry.
What is Over Load
- the current used by load rises the value of current getting from the supply overloading occurs.
- For motor overloading condition define the high value of inertia at the shaft that the motor can operate.
- The high value of current flows in this condition than rated current of the device
- Breker and fuse used to stop this process
That is a detailed post about the difference between short circuit and overload if you have any query ask in comments. Thanks for reading. Have a good day.