Hi, reader welcome to the new post. In this post, we will have a detailed look at the **Introduction to Cumulatively Compounded Dc Generator. **DC generator is an electrical machine that is used to convert mechanical power into DC electrical power. There are numerous categories of dc generators such as dc series generators, dc shunt generators, and dc wound generators.

All generators produce dc power but the difference is that their structure is a combination of their armature and field windings. These connection define their names. In this post, we will discuss the working, operation application, and related parameters of a cumulatively compound dc generator. So let’s get started with* Introduction to Cumulatively Compounded Dc Generator.*

## Introduction to Cumulatively Compounded DC Generator

- The
**cumulatively compounded dc generator**has such a combination of series and field windings that their net produced flux will be added to each other. - In the below figure the equivalent circuit of this generator can be seen that has a long shunned configuration.

- The dot shown at 2 field windings is used to show the direction of the current that is towards it is positive. In simple words, the current moving to the dot indicates the positive value of MMF.
- Note that the armature current moving to the dotted point of series field winding and the shunt current IF move to the dotted point of shunt field windings.
- So the net MMF for this equation is given here.

Fnet=FF+FSE-FAR

- Here FF denotes the shunt field MMF FSE indicates the series field MMF and FAR denotes the MMF due to armature reaction.
- The equivalent effective shunt field current for this generator is mentioned here.

NFl’F = NFIF + NSEIA – FAR

I’F=IF+NSE/NF xIA-FAR/NF

- The equation of current and voltage for this generator is mentioned here.

IA=IF+IL

VT=EA-IA(RA+RS)

IF=VT/RF

- There is a second connection linking of the cumulatively compound generator. That is a short shunt connection here the series field is at the outer side of the shunt field circuitry and IL is passing through this coil in place off IA.

### Terminal Characteristics of Cumulatively Compounded DC Generator

- To discuss the terminal characteristic of cumulatively compound dc generators it is compulsory to study the competing effect which exists in the generator.
- Let us assume that the load at the generator rises. With the load, increment loads current IL increases.
- As IA=IF+IL the armature current also increases. At this stage, there are to factors that exist in the generator.
- AS current IA increases in results IA(RA+Rs ) losses also increase. That results in a decrement in VT.

VT = EA – IA (RA + Rs)

- With the IA increment, the series field magnetomotive force FSE=NSEIA rises also. It raises the net MMF that is Ftot=NFIF+NSEIA that causes an increment influx in the generator.
- Due to flux increment, internally generated voltage also increases that in results VT=EA-IA(RA+RS) increases.
- these 2 factors repel one another one causes to increment in VT and the other decreases the VT.
**SO here question arises which effect dominates in the generator?**- The answer of this question is that number of turns in series to poles define the effect.

- There are different cases that also explain this question.

**Some turn NSE:**if there is less value of turns in series the resistive voltage loss effect wins hand down. The voltage decreases like in a shunt generator.

- This category of assembly where full load VT is less than the no-load Vt is known as
**undercounted**

**Large Series Turns:**

- The second case is that if we add some more turned-in series to the poles then ist flux strengthening effect dominates and Vt increases with load.
- Though with the load increment magnetic saturation adjusts in and resistive losses become strengthened than the flux increase factor.
- In this generator, VT firstly rises and after that decreases with the load increment.
- If the terminal voltage for no-load has the same value as the full load then a generator is known as
**flat compounded.**

**EVEN more, series turns added:**

- If even further series turns are connected with the generator the flux strengthening factor nominates for long time interval till then resistive losses dominate.
- This results in the characteristic having full load VT larger than the no-load VT.
- If the terminal voltage for full loaded condition is larger than VT for no-load the generator state is known as over compounded
**.**

This condition can see in the below figure.

- We can also discuss all these voltage characteristics for one generator in use of diverter resistance.
- In below figure you can see the generator having a large number of series turns NSE.
- The diverter resistance is linkked to the ssereis field.
- If resistance Rdh is set to a larger value mostly part of IA will pass in the series field windings and the generator is overcompounded.
- If we change the value of resistance Rdiv to less value then a larger part of the current about series field windings passes through Rdiv this state of the generator called uncompounded.

### Voltage Control of Cumulatively Compounded DC Generators

- The methods used for voltage control of cumulatively compound dc generators are similar to those used for shunt dc generators.
**Vary the rotation speed**. The increment in W results in increases in internal generated voltage EA=KφW that causes the increment in terminal voltage.**Vary Field current:**The decrement in RF results increment in field current that rises the net MFF of the generator. With the Ftot rises flux in the generator increases and internally generated voltage increases. That results in an increment in Internal generated voltage.

### Analysis of Cumulatively Compounded DC Generators

- The below-written equations A and B are the main descriptions of the terminal characteristics of cumulatively compounded dc generators.
- The equivalent shunt field current Ieq due to series field and armature reaction is mention here.

Ieq=NSE/NF. IA – FAR/NF

- So the value of the effective shunt field current in generator is given here.

IF’=IF+Ieq

- The equivalent current Ieq denotes the horizontal distance at the left and right sides of FR with the axes of the magnetization curve.
- The resistance losses in the generator is mentioned here through the IA(RA+Rs) that strength relies at the IA.

- So they make 2 sides triangle that has a magnitude function of IA.
- To determine the output voltage for the respected load find the size of the triangle and determine the point where it places among the IF and magnetization curve.
- This is explained here.

- the terminal voltage for no-load states will be point over the resistance line and the magnetization curve meets.
- When load is linked to the generator the series field MMD rises increasing the equivalent shunt Ieq and resistive voltage losses IA(RA+Rs) in the generator.
- To determine the new output voltage in the generator move the left corner of the resulting triangle with the shunt field current line till the top point of the triangle meets the magnetization curve.
- The upper point of the triangle then denotes the internal generated voltage in a generator while the lower line denotes the VT of a generator.
- The below diagram denotes the procedures repeated numerous times to make a complete terminal characteristic for the generator.

That is a detailed post about Cumulatively Compounded Dc Generator. If you have any further query ask in the comments Thanks for reading. Have a nice day.