Hello, friends, I hope you all are doing great. In today’s tutorial, we will discuss the Difference Between Star and Ring Topology. The basic difference between star and ring topology is that all components are linked with the central hub. But in topology, every element in the network is attached with the neighboring device.
The topology means a method through which numerous components are linked for the transmission of data. In today’s post, we will have a detailed look at both ring and star topology with the details and find their differences. So, let’s get started with the difference between ring and star topology.
Difference Between Star and Ring Topology
- In this connection configuration, the central hub is required all elements are linked with the central hub.
- In this configuration, there is a need of a main or central hub.
- In this configuration, there is all components link to the mid-point location and get data from it.
- It is normally used in the transmission system.
- It can be easily troubleshot.
- Its installation cost is high.
- Its configuration is such that other components can be added and removed without affecting others.
- It can operas in high-load conditions
- It works for a larger system
- The failure of a network occurs only when the central hub damaged.
- Its transmission speed is high.
- The enlargement of the network is easy.
- Its prices are larger due to the lengthy cable used and their large numbers.
- If the center point fails the total system will fail
- Its configuration is such that all data from every component has to link or pass on from the center point.
- All the connected components are controlled through the central point.
- It operates like repeats to show the data configuration in an accurate way
- Ac every element is linked to the main points so data transmission error becomes less in case of fault.
- As every compoenot has link to all oterh compones.
- It is used through the twisted cable and optic fiber.
- There is coaxial cable also used as a video router
- In this technique, data flow occurs from the hub or other elements.
- In this configuration, all components are connected in a peer-to-peer configuration.
- Its configuration is such that all components linked to it get involved equally to work on
- Its operation In case of the high-loading system is good then the bus system
- There is no configuration of the center point for operation
- Its installation is easy for point-to-point connection.
- Its fault detection ability is good due to the point-to-point arrangements.
- The fault at work system can create an issue in the complete system,
- The replacement of any component also affects the complete system
- The data delay is proportional to the quantity of a node in the system
- Its installation is difficult since the use of different nodes
- Its troubleshooting is more difficult than the star topology.
- Its installation price is less than the star topology.
- In this configuration, network failure occurs due to any single element.
- Data transmission for this arrangement is slow speed then start topology.
- The enlargement of this network is very difficult.
- In this technique data flow in a sequence.
Star vs Ring Topology
|Feature||Star Topology||Ring Topology|
|Network Layout||In this topology, devices are attached to the central device||In this system, devices are connected in a circular configuration|
|Communication Pathway||Every device comes with own connection to a central device||Data is transmitted about the ring from one device to another|
|Fault Tolerance||If one device is not working other devices are not affected||If one device does not work the complete system is affected|
|Redundancy||It provides more redundancy and fault tolerance||It is less redundant but has more efficient features and is best for larger networks|
|Scalability||It less scalable than the Ring topology||it is more scalable than Star Topology|
|Network Congestion||It prons to network congestion since all data flows through central devices||It is more resilient to network congestion|
|Data Transmission||Data is transmitted in one direction from the sender point to the receiver through the mid device||data is transmitted bi-directionally around the ring|
|Network Security||It can be easily secure as every device has its own dedicated connection with the central device||It is less secure as data transmitted about the ring and can be intercepted through any device|
|Installation||Its installation easy||Installation is a complicated process|
|Cost||It is costly due to the use of central devices||Less costly as no central device required|
|Network Performance||If the central hub is overloaded network operation can be affected||Network operation can be affected if the ring becomes congested|
|Network Management||It is easy to manage due to centralized control||More difficult to manage due to decentralized control|
|Type of Network||it employed in small to medium-sized networks||it used in larger networks|
|Cable Length||Cable length is limited||Cable length is not limited|
|Signal Propagation||Signal propagation fast due to direct connections||Signal propagation is slow due to many devices use din communication paths|
|Network Speed||Network speed can be affected by the speed of central devices||Network speed is not affected by the speed of any device|
|Data Collision||chances of Data collision||Data collision can be occurs|
|Failure Recovery||Failure recovery is an easy and speedy process||Failure recovery difficult and time taking process|
|Hardware Requirements||It need more hardware like cables and switches||it need less hardware like cables and switches|
That is all about the difference between star and ring topology. I hope you enjoyed s tutorial. Have a good day. Thanks for reading.