Hello friends, I hope you all are doing great. In today’s tutorial, we will have a look at How to Troubleshoot Amplifier Circuits. There are numerous types of amplifier circuits like common emitter amplifier, common base amplifier, common collector amplifier, differential amplifier. All these amplifiers we discussed in the detail in a previous tutorial.
In today’s post, we will have a detailed look at their troubleshooting for which we perform troubleshooting for a two-stage capacitively coupled amplifier. About two-stage capacitively coupled amplifier we discussed with detail in a multistage amplifier. So let’s get started with How to Troubleshoot Amplifier Circuits.
How to Troubleshoot Amplifier Circuits
- When we have to troubleshoot any circuitry the main point should be kept in mind is that there should be proper circuit labeled with the proper dc and voltage signal.
- You should know the value of accurate voltage for a circuit before measurement of any inaccurate value.
- In the below figure schematically for 2 stage amplifier circuits shown which we have discussed in multistage article with the detailed.
- In the analysis, we find that there is no output voltage exits.
- You also find that at the start circuit was working properly then become faulted.
- The visual analysis of circuit done and for the probes related to broken connection, solder splashes, wire clipping or burns different circuit components turn up nothing.
- From this we concluded that the issue is errored component in the circuitry or an open connection is exits.
- With that dc source voltage faulty or not exits.
- We decided to use an oscilloscope for dc level checking or ac signal measurement at different points.
- With that, we decided to use the half-split method to find the voltage of the circuit and use in circuits transistor tester if the transistor is not working properly.
- To find the faulty component in the multistage amplifier there are five steps that generally followed.
Step1: Perform power check
- find that dc voltage is correct as shown in figure.
Step2: Find input/output voltage
- Suppose that calculation shows that input voltage is not faulty. There is not output signal or it is less than its required value as denoted in the above figure
Step 3:use half splitting method of signal tracing
- Find voltage at the output of the first amplifier or stage.
- The non-existence of voltage or voltage less than normal voltage value shows that issue exits with the first stage.
- The errored dc voltage also denotes the problem is with the first stage.
- If signal voltage and dc voltage are accurate at the output of the first stage then the issue is with 2nd
- This step is shown in below figure.
Step4: use fault analysis
- Focus on the errored stage and find a failure of components which can generate faulty output.
- Likely faults:
- The failure of any resistance or transistor will generate a faulty dc bias voltage.
- The leaking bypass capacitor also disturbs the dc bias voltage.
- Further calculations are needed in stage to separate the faulty component.
- Faulty ac voltage and likely errors are shown in the figure.
- The signal voltage at the output does not exist and dc voltage is correct.
- The signal voltage at the base is not exiting and dc voltage is correct.
- Likely faults:
- The input coupling capacitor is open. It stops the signal to reach to the base.
- the accurate signal at the base but there is no output signal.
- Likely fault: The base of the transistor is an open circuit.
- the signal voltage at the output is very less as compared to the normal value and dc voltage is good.
- Likely fault: bypass capacitor is open.
Step 5 : Repair
- After turning off power repair the errored component. On the power and check proper function.
So, friends, it is a detailed post about How to Troubleshoot Amplifier Circuits if you have any questions ask in comments. Thanks for reading.