Hello, fellows, I hope all of you are enjoying your life. In today’s tutorial, we will have a look at the Full form of CCTV its working, applications, and uses. The full form of CCTV is closed-circuit television the first time in 1927 mechanically operated closed-circuit television was installed by Leon Theremin who was a Russian Physicist. It was constructed on the request Russian council of defense and labor. This first CCTV comprises of the mechanically operated a camera, transmitter with limited range and receiver have providing resolution of hundred lines.
This first CCTV observed by Joseph Stalin (was Soviet Politician), Semyon Budyonny (cavalryman of Russia) and Sergo after their observation it installed in the courtyard of Moscow Kremlin (fortified complex in the center) for the monitoring of people coming to this center. In 1942 for the monitoring of V-2 rocket launching Closed-circuit television was used. Now a day almost every building, school, university, homes, etc, CCTV is installed to make sure security. In today’s post, we will have a look at its construction, types, working and some other related parameters. So let’s get started with Full Form of CCTV.
Full-Form of CCTV
- The word CCTV stands for closed-circuit television used to transmit video signal captured by the camera connect with it, the other name of this is video surveillance.
- Like the signal of television its signal not transmit openly but send only limited points.
- The transmission of the signal captured by the CCTV transmit one point to another, a single point to multiple points through the wireless or loop wired network.
- CCTV used in different banks, stores, and other commercial buildings for security purposes.
- The video telephony (it uses different transmitter and receiver to transmit signal at a distant location) sometimes known as CCTV as it mostly used to provide education through the internet from the distance.
- Nowadays it becomes very common in the world to use CCTV for the monitoring of people.
- There is another technology has been introduced through which camera is placed on any part of the body to monitor any other person this types of camera used in different law enforcement institutions.
- CCTV camera is not only used for security purposes but also used in industries on different plants to monitor the process from the central room as some processes are not good to monitor by a man like acidic.
- The CCTV has the ability to operate for a longer time or can be off after completion of any event.
- There are such CCTVs are being used that can record information for many years with the high-quality images, for this these CCTVs has DVR (digital video recorder).
- According to one survey of 2016, there are almost three fifty million security camera has been installed in the world.
- Almost sixty-five percent of all these cameras have been installed in Asian countries.
- The use of the security cameras provided a much secure environment as before and many nonlegal activities have been controlled and monitored.
Types of CCTV
- There are famous nine types of CCTV that are commonly used. Let’s discuss them with the detailed.
Dome CCTV Cameras
- The word dome in the name of this CCTV explains the structure that is like a dome and the camera is installed in this dome.
- Whereas these are comparatively inconspicuous CCTV cameras in structure, this doesn’t stop them from frightening offenders.
- Due to this dome-like arrangement create difficulty for the people to observe in which direction the camera is.
- These cameras are mostly installed at restaurants, hotels, buildings since their structure cover more area.
- It also considers the best camera for indoor as if it installed at the roof of a room that can cover the complete room.
Bullet CCTV Cameras
- The physical arrangements of these cameras is such that it can easily be seen from a distant location.
- The shape of these CCTV is like a cylinder and can monitoring at a larger distance.
- Mostly these cameras are installed at outdoor places so its structure should be water prof resist dirt and dust.
- These CCTVs are the best option for such larger area industries such as production houses, farmhouses and for the security of larger kilometer areas.
- These cameras not only record high-quality video but also warn any other person to come to your property area.
- So these are the best options for outdoor security.
C-Mount CCTV Cameras
- This type of CCTV is the best choice for such people who want to pursue a carrier in the field of vision.
- In this camera, there is an option to change the lenses to vary the monitoring distance.
- The structure and casing of these cameras are large so it can be seen from a distance and warn anyone to do some prohibit activities.
- Its weather and water-resistant casing make it ideal for outdoor usage.
- It most preferred in logistics and utilities production industries.
PTZ Pan Tilt and Zoom Cameras
- These cameras are the best choice for such an environment where you have a security team for monitoring.
- This camera can be move left, right anywhere with the click of button and security team from the control room can observe the distant places all around the camera.
- By using the pan and tilt feature of this camera we can observe at the three-sixty degrees.
Day/Night CCTV Cameras
- These cameras are designed to record and display video at day and night time.
- These cameras record videos with high accuracy at night time similar today time.
- It also operates well in presence of direct light of the sun, dim light as well.
- Its physical structure provides protection from environmental effects.
- Other outdoors camera is also used but it preferred most due to continuous operation any lighting environment.
Network/IP CCTV Cameras
- There are some differences in these cameras over others that it can provide live video by using the internet all over the world.
- To send live streaming in the good quality video is compressed and for again access, the recoding can be saved using NVR.
- These are the best instruments for a businessman to monitor industries and performance of employees by using a laptop, mobile from all over the world.
Wireless CCTV Cameras
- These cameras were manufactured to decrees time and cost for installation.
- They also make the physical structure of the camera much neater, which can be a significant point for the installation at homes, museums, etc.
- Due to wireless transmission, data can be sent and viewed at distant locations.
High Definition (HD) CCTV Cameras
- These high definition cameras provide high quality and clear images. It depends on your budget you can get resolution quality from this camera from 720p to 4K.
- These cameras are mostly used where a high risk of any serious situation exists.
- For banks and five stars hotels uses these cameras as there high security is required.
So friends that is the detailed post on the full form CCTV I mentioned each and every parameter related to the CCTV. If you still have any query ask in comments. see you in the next tutorial. Have a good day.