Hello readers welcome to new post. Here we will discuss Difference Between Capacitor and Inductor. There are two commonly used devices in the electrical system inductor and capacitor. The capacitor is used for opposing of volts and inductor is used for current change opposition. Capacitors store energy in the electrical field and inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field.
Here we will ciovers different paramerts to know about the differences between these two devices. SO let get started Difference Between Capacitor and Inductor.
Difference Between Capacitor and Inductor
what is capacitor
- The capacitor is a passive component that comes with two pins and stores energy in form of an electrical field.
- The capacitor effect is called capacitance. There is some value of capacitance that exists in the conductors in circuitry but the addition of capacitors enhances the capacitance.
- Capacitors are also called condensers and condensator.
- There are different types of capacitors on the basis of shapes and structures.
- Most capacitors consist of two pins that are metallic plates and have dielectric material for separation.
- The capacitor can be foil thin sheet and electrolyte. The use of nonconducting dielectric material work as to enhances the charging capacity of capacitor.
- The material used for dielectrics is glass, ceramic paper, mica, and air.
- Capacitors are used in different devices as electrical circuits.
- If volts are given to the capacitor terminals through a battery electrical field is created about the dielectric that results in positive charges on one electrode and negative charges on the other electrode.
- There are no current flows in the dielectric material. But flow of charges through source circuit.
- The energy stored in the capacitor is 1/2 CV2.
- It is an insulator for dc current mean dc can not passes through it
- Current leads volts by 90 degrees in case of ac circuits
- For dc circuits capacitor connects in series combination with resistance current at start large then goes to 0
- The unit of the capacitor is Farad
- Commonly used types of capacitors are Electrolyte, and ceramic.
- It works as short circuit fo ac circuits means ac passes through it and block dc
What is INductor
- The inductor is an electrical device used for energy storing in the form of a magnetic field and is also named a coil choke and reactor.
- In inductors there is wire with insulation is wounded in coil shape
- If current passing in the windings varies time changing magnetic files produce and EMF in the conductor according to Faraday Law
- According to Lenz Law, the voltage induced has a direction opposite the current change which produced that emf
- That causes the inductors to oppose the change in current in the inductor.
- Inductors is used on the basis of inductance value which is the ratio of volts and the current rate of change. The unit of inductance is Henry H.
- That is equal to weber/ampers. The value of the inductor is 1mocroHerny to twenty Herny.
- In different inductors magnetic core created with iron or ferrite in the coil is used that used to enhance the magnetic file and also inductance
- With capacitor and resistances inductor is passive circuits device. It is commonly used in AC devices mostly in radio.
- It is used for AC blocking and allows the flow of dc. Inductor called choke that used for ac block and dc flow.
- Used in electronic filters for the separation of signals on the basis of frequency values.
- It used with a capacitor to make tune circuits employed in radio and TV receivers
- Energy stored in for of magnetic field is 1/2LI2
- Its unit is Herny.
That is all about the Difference Between Capacitor and Inductor all explanations have been explained. If you have any further query ask in comments. Thanks for reading have a good day see you in next post.